Ram Janmabhoomi refers to a tract of
land in the North Indian city of Ayodhya which is believed
to be the birthplace of the Rama. Prior to 1528, a famous
and important temple stood at this site.
In 1528, the temple was demolished on the orders of
Mughal invader Babur and a mosque was built on its ruins.
This mosque came to be known as the Babri Masjid. The
name Ram Janmabhoomi means "birthplace of Rama."
On the morning of December 6 1992, the building which
was known as "Babri Masjid" (The Mosque of
Babur) by Muslims and "Ram Mandir" by Hindus
on this spot was demolished by activists.
A movement was launched in 1984 by the Vishwa Hindu
Parishad(VHP) eventually leading to the destruction
of the building which stood here. The VHP wants to erect
a temple dedicated to Ram Lala (infant Ram) at this
spot. Many Muslim organizations, most of them accused
of being fundamentalist in nature, on the other hand
strongly oppose the building of the temple.
It was until about 1990 the standard view that an ancient
Ram Janmabhoomi temple was demolished and replaced with
the Babri Mosque. References such as the 1986 edition
of the Encyclopædia Britannica reported that "Rama’s
birthplace is marked by a mosque, erected by the Moghul
emperor Babar in 1528 on the site of an earlier temple".
According to the Hindu view, the ancient temple could
have been destroyed on the orders of Mughal emperor
With little over 10 sq Km in area, lying on the banks
of the river Ghagra or Saryu, this ancient city is believed
to be the birth place of Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation
of Lord Vishnu. The holy book of Hindus- the Ramayana-
says, the city was founded by Manu. Later, it became
the capital of the descendants of the Surya dynasty.
Lord Rama was the most celebrated King of this dynasty.
Known as 'Kosaldesa' in ancient times, the place has
been described as "a city built by gods and being
as prosperous as paradise itself", in the Atharvaveda.
From the time immemorial, this place has been noted
for the performance of various rituals and Yajnas, including
'Asvamedha Yajna'. From the epic and puranic ages, Ayodhya
rose to prominence again in the 6th century B.C,the
times of Buddha. Situated just about 10 Km from the
district headquarters of Faizabad, Ayodhya is a city
of temples of several religions. Various faiths have
grown and prospered simultaneously and that also in
different periods of time in the history. Jain traditions,
for example, consider that five Tirthankaras were born
at Ayodhya including Rishabhadeva, the first Tirthankar.
Don't miss the remnants of Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam
and Jainism, that can still be found in Ayodhya.
Skand and some other Puranas rank Ayodhya as one of
the seven most sacred cities of India. It was the venue
of many an event in Hindu mythology, today preeminently
a temple town, The illustrious ruling dynasty of this
region were the Ikshvakus of the solar clan (Suryavansa).
According to tradition, Ikshvakus was the eldest son
of Vaivasvata Manu, who established himself at Ayodhya.
The earth is said to have derived its name `Prithivi’
from Prithu, the 6th king of the line. A few generations
later came Mandhatri, in whose line the 31st king was
Harischandra, known widely for his love of truth. Raja
Sagar of the same clan performed the Asvamedha Yajna
and his great grandson Bhagiratha is reputed to have
brought Ganga on earth by virtue of his penance. Later
in the time came the great Raghu, after whom the family
came to be called as Raghuvamsa. His grandson was Raja
Dasaratha, the illustrious father of Rama, with whom
the glory of the Kausala dynasty reached its highest
point. The story of this epic has been immortalized
by Valmiki and immensely popularized by the great masses
Ayodhya is preeminently a city of temples yet, all
places of worship here, are not only of Hindu religion.
At Ayodhya several religions have grown and prospered
simultaneously and also at different periods of time
in the past.